Parliaments and Civil Society


1,151 Members of Parliament, parliamentary staff and Civil Society organisations (CSO) in Angola, Cabo Verde, Guinea Bissau, Mozambique, Sao Tome and Principe, and Timor-Leste were trained and accredited in social monitoring of public financial management (PFM) systems, and analysis and presentation of budget information.

450 of them were familiarized with and trained in Gender-Responsive Budgeting (GRB), as well as in a standard approach to legislative oversight of public expenditure allocated to gender equality.

In addition, 777 persons in these countries were involved in information and awareness-raising campaigns on legislative oversight and social monitoring of PFM systems, carried out by parliaments and CSO.


Outcomes and impact

Here are some of the longer-term outcomes and impact which have resulted from the above outputs:


In Angola, in February 2018, for the first time ever, the Parliament approved the state budget resolution with requirement for the Executive to include a gender marker’s scale into the state budget documents. In addition, the Parliament had tabled independent analyses by a CSO platform on the allocations to children’s’ protection, resulting in an amendment to the Executive’s proposal. The Angolan Parliament has committed to greater transparency and openness vis-a-vis the public as one of its guiding principles.


In Cabo Verde, the Parliament and the Executive have agreed on a legislative initiative to ratify the country’s membership in the Open Government Partnership. To match the commitments made by the Executive, the Parliament has adopted its own Legislative Openness Action Plan. Cabo Verde’s civil society organisations have – for the first time – set up a forum for the social monitoring of the PFM. 



In Guinea Bissau, the Parliament has produced its first-ever user-friendly handbook on parliamentary ethics. For greater ease of access, the handbook is available in the Creole language and features comic-like animations. In addition, Members of the budget and other relevant parliamentary committees have carried out cross-party oversight activities, including field visits to investigate the sources of both public revenue and expenditure. Finally, a coalition of CSO has produced a budget survey based on the methodology of the International Budget Partnership, targeting the Ministry of Finance, SAI and the Parliament.

In Mozambique, the Parliament has set in train the establishment of its first-ever independent office for budget and expenditure analysis, drawing on the international best practice on Parliamentary Budget Offices (PBO). Mozambican civil society organizations have developed a contextualized training programme on social monitoring of PFM based on the Pro PALOP-TL SAI’s e-Learning courses.


In Sao Tome and Principe, the overall work of the parliamentary committees and the Parliament’s plenary is now more efficient due to ICT upgrade of the voting and recording systems, supported by the Pro PALOP-TL SAI project. For the first time, an Open Budget Survey run by civil society organizations has secured active participation and acknowledgement by the country’s Ministry of Finance.


Similar to Sao Tome and Principe, the work of parliamentary committees and the plenary of the Parliament of Timor-Leste is now more efficient due to ICT upgrade of the recording system.