Levels of Results

Project outputs, outcomes and impacts: why it matters?

Outputs, outcomes and impact are terms used to describe all the expected results that will be achieved by the project. Each shows such changes at a different level, from the immediate results of delivered activities to longer-term changes in people’s lives.



Outputs are the immediate, often physical results of the project. Examples can be the number of trainings or information campaigns, the number of participants trained, or the number of people reached by a campaign. Notably, outputs do not measure the change in behavior or knowledge as a result of project activities.

Outcomes stand for the effects of the project’s outputs, seen at the ground level in the short or medium term. An example could be a change in policy that has ensued a training or information campaign delivered to policy-makers. 

Impact is the most long-term result of a project that may occur during or past the lifetime of the project. For example, visible improvement in the overall governance of a country triggered by the adoption of policies could be the project’s long-term impact.

As a well-designed and implemented project with a robust result monitoring system, the Pro PALOP-TL SAI, MPs, and CSO set ambitious objectives and has sought extensive information on the various level of results to make sure they have been achieved.

The following sections explain how the project’s outputs in form of trainings and information campaigns targeted at representatives of the Ministries of Finance, Supreme Audit Institutions, Parliaments and civil society across the PALOP and Timor-Leste have brought about tangible outcomes and had impact on the good economic governance in the region.

The far-reaching changes triggered by the project in each country and the region as a whole show a tremendous opportunity to continue building on and scaling up progress in good economic governance and transparency of public finances in the PALOP and Timor-Leste.

Ministries of Finance

Supreme Audit Institutions

Parliaments and Civil Society

Joint Learning, Peer-to-Peer Exchanges and Communities of Practice