PALOP and Timor-Leste have a similar system of governance (in terms of public administration, justice, public finance management, labor markets and interconnected social services) and share strong linguistic and cultural ties, as well as a long tradition of collaboration. This also applies to social, economic, political and cultural relations with Brazil and Portugal.

In the last decade, most of these countries have made significant progress in terms of economic governance, largely due to a number of reforms introduced in Public Financial Management (PFM) systems.

However, public administration generally continues to face institutional challenges, including weak human resources and organizational structures, resulting in serious shortcomings that have proved to be an obstacle to adequate and effective external control of public expenditure. Civil society remains neglected in development assistance programs in most beneficiary countries.

In general terms, the limitations in the PALOP and Timor-Leste context can be summarized as follows:

  • Parliamentary and Court of Auditors staff have insufficient technical knowledge;
  • Integrated Management Systems on public finance have gaps or are nonexistent in Parliaments and Court of Auditors;
  • There are few technical interactions between the country's Parliament and the Court of Auditors;
  • Insufficient technical exchanges between the Parliaments of PALOP and Timor-Leste on these matters, as well as the lack of technical exchanges between the Court of Auditors of PALOP and Timor-Leste;
  • Outdated websites and/or low interactivity;
  • Insufficient mechanisms to ensure public transparency of the budget and limited involvement of Civil Society Organizations in Public Financial Management and budget policies.

In all countries, the media reports on budgetary issues. However, media access to relevant information is limited and there are some restrictions in terms of the technical capacity of journalists when it comes to analyzing these issues in detail. Public hearings in the legislature on the macroeconomic framework of the budget and individual budgets (administrative units) remain very limited, despite the encouraging examples in Angola and Mozambique.


Public Participation process

Most important barriers to public participation

Good practices of public participation